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Welcome Note

Sunday, July 29, 2012

→║Growing Beards is Mandatory in Islam║←

Those who genuinely wish to learn and practice what is right, here are sufficient proofs from the Qur'an, Ahadith and learned scholars. At an age when moral and spiritual decline is at its peak, acting upon a single prophetic tradition could insure success in the hereafter.

Keeping the beard has been the practice of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), as it has also been the practice of the earlier Prophets before him.

When Musa (alaihis salaam) returned from his journey of Mount 'Tur' and found the Israelites engrossed in idolatry, he became furious and in severe anger he pulled the beard of his deputy (and brother) Haroon (alaihis salaam) who said:

"O son of my mother, seize me not by my beard or by my hair." [Qur'an 20:94]

In the books of Ahadith there are numerous Hadith which describe the importance of beard.

Importance of the Beard in Ahadith:

Sahih Bukhari

Narrated Nafi' (Radhiallaahu Án) "Ibn Umar (Radhiallaahu Án) said, The Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said, "Do the opposite of what the pagans do. Keep the beards and cut the moustaches short." Whenever Ibn ‘Umar performed the Hajj or ‘Umra, he used to hold his beard with his hand and cut whatever moustaches. Ibn Umar used to cut his moustache so short that the whiteness of his skin (above the upper lip) was visible, and he used to cut (the hair) between his moustaches and his beard. (Volume 7, Book #72, Hadith #780)

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: Allah’s Apostle said, “Cut the moustaches short and leave the beard (as it is).” (Book#72, Hadith #781)

Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (Radhiallaahu Án): Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said, “There will emerge from the East some people who will recite the Qur’an but it will not exceed their throats and who will go out of (renounce) the religion (Islam) as an arrow passes through the game, and they will never come back to it unless the arrow, comes back to the middle of the bow (by itself) (i.e., impossible). The people asked, “What will their signs be?” He said, “Their sign will be the habit of shaving (of their beards). (Fateh Al-Bari, Page 322, Vol. 17th) (Volume 9, Book #93, Hadith #651)

Sahih Muslim
Ibn Umar said: The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Trim closely the moustache, and let thebeard grow. (Book #002, Hadith #0498)

Ibn Umar said: The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) ordered us to trim the moustache closely and spare the beard. (Book #002, Hadith #0499)

Ibn Umar said: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Act against the polytheists, trim closely the moustache and grow beard. (Book #002, Hadith #0500)

Narrated Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallaahu Án) "Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said: Trim closely the moustache, and grow beard, and thus act against the fire-worshippers. (Book #002, Hadith #0501)

Narrated Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha): Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said: “Ten things are part of the fitrah: cutting the moustache, letting the beard grow, cleaning the teeth with a siwaak, rinsing the nose with water, cutting one’s nails, washing between the finger-joints, plucking the armpit hairs, shaving the pubic hair and cleaning one’s private parts with water.” (Reported by Imaan Ahmad, Muslim and the four authors of Sunan, from the hadith of ‘Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha). (Book #002, Hadith #0502)

Sunan Abu Dawood
Narrated Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha), The Apostle of Allah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said: Ten are the acts according to fitrah (nature): clipping the moustache, letting the beard grow, using the tooth-stick, cutting the nails, washing the finger joints, plucking the hair under the arm-pits, shaving the pubes, and cleansing one’s private parts (after easing or urinating) with water. The narrator said: I have forgotten the tenth, but it may have been rinsing the mouth. (Book #1, Hadith #0052)

Malik’s Muwatta
Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Bakr ibn Nafi from his father Nafi from Abdullah ibn Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered the moustache to be trimmed and the beard to be left. (Book #51, Hadith #51.1.1)

Order to Follow Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) in the Quran:

It is very clear that following Sunnah of Rasulullah (may Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) is not optional but obligatory as Allah has ordered us to do so. If Allah orders something in the Quran, then it becomes obligatory on us to obey that order.

O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best [way] and best in result. [Qur'an 4:59]

O you who have believed, obey Allah and His Messenger and do not turn from him while you hear [his order]. [Qur'an 8:20]

O you who have believed, respond to Allah and to the Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life. And know that Allah intervenes between a man and his heart and that to Him you will be gathered. [Qur'an 8:24]

There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often. [Qur'an 33:21]

And whatever the Messenger has given you - take; and what he has forbidden you - refrain from. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty. [Qur'an 59:7]

And obey Allah and the Messenger that you may obtain mercy. [Qur'an 3:132]

O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and do not invalidate your deeds. [Qur'an 47:33]

”And let those who oppose the Messenger’s (Muhammad SAW) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements, etc.) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.” [Qur'an 24:63]

It is reported in the Tabrani Vol 3 Page 90/9, that Kaiser, the King of Persia, after having read the letter sent by the Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) inviting him to accept the faith of Islam, ordered his sub-ordinate Bayon (Badhun), the governor of Yemen, to send two persons to bring the RASUL of Islam before him. Bayan accordingly sent two messengers who according to the fashion of those days were clean shaven and having long mustaches. When they appeared on the scene toward the Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam), he very much disliked the unnatural appearances of those persons and said; “Woe to you, Woe to you. Who ordered you to adopt such appearances? They said; “Our lord Kaiser”. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) then told them “My Rabb COMMANDED me to lengthen my beard and clip my mustaches”.

The opinions of the great scholars about the beard:

Imam Abu Hanifa (Rahimahullah):

Imam Muhammed (Rahimahullah) writes in his book "kitabul Aathaar" where he relates from Imam Abu Hanifa (RA) who relates from Hazrat Haytham (Rahimahullah) who relates from Ibn Umar (RA) that he (Ibn Umar) used to hold his beard in his hand and cut off which was longer. Imam Muhammed (Rahimahullah) says that this what we follow and this was the decision of Imam Abu Hanifa. Therefore. according to Hanafies, to shorten the beard less that a FIST LENGHT is HARAAM and on this is IJMA (consensus of opinion).

Imam Shafi (Rahimahullah):

Imam Shafi (Rahimahullah) in his Kitabul Umm states, "To shave the beard is HARAAM." (Shari Minhaj dar Shara Fasi Aqueeqa)

Imam Malik (Rahimahullah):

Sheikh Ahmad Nafarawi Maliki in the commentary of Imam Abu Zayed's booklet states, "to shave the beard is without doubt haraam according to all Imams." It is also mentioned in "Tamheed" which is a commentary of "Muatta"(Sunnan Imam Malik (RA) that to shave the beard is HARAAM and among males the only ones to resort to this practice (of shaving) are the HERMAPHRODITES (persons who posses both male and female features and characteristics). (From the book "Tamheed")

Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal (Rahimahullah):

The Hambalies in teh famous Al-Khanie a Hambali Fatawa Kitab state that "to grow the beard is essential and to shave it is HARAAM." Also in the Hanbali Mathab books "Sharahul Muntahaa" and "Sharr Manzoomatul Aadaab", it is stated "The most accepted views is that it is HARAAM (prohibited to shave the beard)."

As Muslims, we should adopt this very important Sunnah and encourage others with Hikmah (wisdom) to do so. The Sunnah of Rasulullah (may Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) not only will help us to gain rewards and mercy of Allah but also help us protect our Imaan. If children are forced to shave their beard by their parents, the children must oppose them, for there is no obedience to anyone when the rules of Shari’ah are asked to be violated. May Allah give us the ability to adopt complete Sunnah in our lives. Ameen.

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